The History of Kirkuk.
Kirkuk is located in North-East of Iraq, about 250 kilometers north east of the capital Baghdad, near the foot of Zaqaros Mountains.
The city is built on the Khasa River, on an area with Assyrian archeological remains of over 5000 years old.
The origin of the name Kirkuk is Assyrian. Kirkuk is derivative of the Assyrian name (Karkha D-Bet Slokh), which means the city that is siege by a wall.
The present city of Kirkuk stand on the site of the ancient Assyrian city called Arrapha, which existed in the 5th Millennium BC.
The city reached great prominence in the l0th and 11th centuries under the Assyrian's rule when it was known as (Arrapha). The oldest part of the city is clustered around a citadel built by the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II, 9th century BC.
The Kirkuk Citadel is located in the centre of the city of Kirkuk in Iraq, and is considered to be the oldest part of the city and was built by King Ashurnasirpal II between 884 and 858 BCE as a military defence line of Arrapha.
Mark your calendars - Sunday, October 22nd at 1pm we welcome Dr. Barry M. Gittlen of @towsonuniversity to the Museum for his presentation "Abraham to Ezra: Israel's Earliest Encounters with Ancient Iraq."
. . .
Biblical narratives locate Iraq as the origin of the first patriarch, Abraham. As history unfolds, Iraq (then known as Assyria and Babylonia) plays a major role, sometimes friendly but mostly not. This illustrated presentation will introduce the impact ancient Iraq had on the development of ancient Israel and Judaism.
. . . #programs#museums#iraq#assyria#babylonia#history#jewishhistory#jewish#learning#education
BOOK OF THE WEEK.
REFORGING A FORGOTTEN HISTORY
By Sargon Donabed "Sargon Donabed provides a comprehensive overview of the modern Assyrian story, merging emic and etic perspectives of their struggle to attain sovereignty over the past century and beyond. His work offers both an informative source for Assyrian ethnic history and an alternative reading for Mesopotamian regional history as a whole." -- Nabil Al-Tikriti, University of Mary Washington "In telling the story of modern Assyrian responses to a history of tragedy, Sargon Donabed helps us understand them as actors in their own right. He thereby rewrites Iraqi history from the perspective of the oppressed. No longer may we ignore the plight of this misunderstood minority." -- Paul S. Rowe, Trinity Western University
Were they simply bystanders, victims of collateral damage who played a passive role in its history? Furthermore, how have they negotiated their position throughout various periods of Iraq's state-building processes? This book details a narrative of Iraq in the twentieth century and refashions the Assyrian experience as an integral part of Iraq's broader contemporary historiography. It is the first comprehensive account to contextualize a native experience alongside the emerging state. Using primary and secondary data, this book offers a nuanced exploration of the dynamics that have affected and determined the trajectory of the Assyrians' experience in twentieth-century Iraq.
About the Author