City of the day: Arequipa, Peru!! Arequipa is a major city located in southern Peru. The city is located at around 2300 meters (7500 feet) above sea level and is home to about 800,000 people. The city is at the foot of the dormant volcano, Mount Misti. Because of the city’s proximity to an earthquake fault, Arequipa has been affected by earthquakes for centuries. The most recent significant earthquake was in 2001. Arequipa’s history goes back the Inca when the area of Arequipa was used as a stop on the trading route to Cuzco. The modern city was founded in 1540 by Francisco Pizarro as a stronghold. Today Arequipa is named the White City because the buildings in the city are made out of a white stone that comes from the nearby volcanoes. The city center is a UNESCO world heritage site, being home to several historic cathedrals that were all built in the 16th and 17th centuries. On August 15 the city has a celebration of its founding, including a famous bull fight that is considered to be safe. Tune in tomorrow for tomorrow’s city of the day!!!#Peru#arequipa#cityoftheday#southamerica
The Great Pyramids, near Cairo, are world renowned Egyptian icons, pictured in various Hollywood movies. However, these massive tombs are literally the resting places of the mummified remains of Egypt’s dead pharaohs, the sacred resting places leaders of history can continue to receive prayers, food, and other offerings in the afterlife. The most recognised tombs at this location are that of Pharaoh Khufu (or Pharaoh Cheops) and the great Sphinx, the half-human half-lion monument.
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The Land and Water Hemispheres of Earth are the hemispheres on Earth containing the largest possible total areas of land and ocean respectively. By definition (assuming that the entire surface can be classed as either "land" or "water") the two hemispheres do not overlap.
Determinations of the hemispheres vary slightly. One determination places the centre of the Land Hemisphere at 47°13′N 1°32′W (in the city of Nantes, France). The center of the water hemisphere is the antipodal point of the center of the land hemisphere, and is therefore located at 47°13′S 178°28′E, near New Zealand's Bounty Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
An alternative assignment determines the centre of the Land Hemisphere to be at 47°24′42″N 2°37′15″W (in île Dumet near Saint-Nazaire, France)
The Land Hemisphere has just under seven-eighths of the land on Earth, including Europe, Africa, North America, nearly all of Asia and most of South America. However, even in the Land Hemisphere, the ocean area still slightly exceeds the land area. The Land hemisphere is almost identical to the hemisphere containing the greatest human population.
The Water Hemisphere has only about one-eighth of the world's land, including Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica, Hawaii, the Maritime Southeast Asia, and the Southern Cone. Most of the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean are on the water hemisphere. Proportionately, the Water Hemisphere is approximately 89% water, 6% dry land and 5% polar icecap.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14,000,000 square kilometres (5,400,000 square miles), it is the fifth-largest continent. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km (1.2 mi; 6,200 ft) in thickness, which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula.
The geological study of Antarctica has been greatly hindered by nearly all of the continent being permanently covered with a thick layer of ice. However, new techniques such as remote sensing, ground-penetrating radar and satellite imagery have begun to reveal the structures beneath the ice.
Geologically, West Antarctica closely resembles the Andes mountain range of South America. The Antarctic Peninsula was formed by uplift and metamorphism of sea bed sediments during the late Paleozoic and the early Mesozoic eras. This sediment uplift was accompanied by igneous intrusions and volcanism. The most common rocks in West Antarctica are andesite and rhyolite volcanics formed during the Jurassic period. There is also evidence of volcanic activity, even after the ice sheet had formed, in Marie Byrd Land and Alexander Island.
East Antarctica is geologically varied, dating from the Precambrian era, with some rocks formed more than 3 billion years ago. It is composed of a metamorphic and igneous platform which is the basis of the continental shield. On top of this base are coal and various modern rocks, such as sandstones, limestones and shales laid down during the Devonian and Jurassic periods to form the Transantarctic Mountains. In coastal areas such as Shackleton Range and Victoria Land some faulting has occurred.