Addai Scher (ܐܕܝ ܫܝܪ) March 1867 – 21 June 1915), an ethnic Assyrian, was the Chaldean Catholicarchbishop of Siirt in Upper Mesopotamia. He was killed by the Ottomans during the Assyrian Genocide.
Addai was born in Shaqlawa to an ethnic Assyrian family who were adherents of the Chaldean Catholic Church on 3 March 1867. His father was the local priest of the village, and he helped him at teaching Syriac at a young age. The early death of his mother made him concentrate on ascetic life and he joined the Dominican Seminar in Mosul in 1880 where he studied Syriac, Arabic, French, Latin and Turkish as well as theology and philosophy. Nine years later he was appointed a priest and sent to his home town Shaqlawa, where he once more worked as a teacher in the Church's school.
He was later appointed as a bishopric assistant in Kirkuk and he spent his time learning Hebrew, Greek, Persian, Kurdish and he authored as well in German and English.
In 13 November 1902, he was elected as the next bishop of Siirt, a position that had been vacant for two years. In 1908 he journeyed to Istanbul where he met the Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid II. From there he took off to Rome and met pope Pius X, and during his stay in Paris he managed to make contacts with French orientalists and print some of his works.
n 1915, the Ottoman Army was initially defeated in the Caucasus during the Great War, and fearing an internal uprising from its Christian population orders were given to exterminate the Armenian, Greek and Assyrian population of Anatolia in the Assyrian Genocide. Initially Addai Sher managed to bribe the governor of Siirt with 500 pounds of gold in order to save his congregation. This enabled some of the Assyrian Christians of the city to flee. The bishop himself was helped by a Kurdish Agha who hid him in his house.
The Archbishop remained hidden for (Read full article here)
Mar Yosip Khnanisho,
Metropolitan of Shemsdin from 1918 until his death in 1977, Mar Yosip Khnanisho came from the Mar Khnanishu family.
Ordained a deacon at the young age of 12, and a priest in 1912, the was sent as a delegate to participate in a meeting at the patriarchal cell in Qudchanis in 1914, in order to discuss the effects of World War I on the Assyrian Church and the nation and prepare for the changes that were expected to take place. While there, he was consecrated Bishop on August 10. He remained in Qudchanis until 1916.
In 1918, Mar Yosip was appointed Assistant to the Patriarch, Mar Shimun XXII Paulos as Locum Tenens. In December 1918, he was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan in Baghdad Iraq, by the named Patriarch.
In 1933, he was named Administrator of the Church in Iraq and the Middle East. In 1973, when Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII resigned his position as Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East, Yosip Khnanisho was vested with responsibilities of administering the Assyrian Church of the East worldwide. At the same time the Iraqi government issued a Republican decree appointing Yosip Khnanisho as the Supreme Head of all the Assyrians in Iraq.
Mar Yosip died in Baghdad, Iraq, on July 3, 1977. His funeral services were held three days later at the Church of Mar Gewargis in Dora, a suburb of Baghdad. Successively, his remains were transferred to St. Mary's Church in Naireya where he was interred in the Church Grounds.
The late Mar Yosip has written many prayer books like "Kashkol", a book of hymns, and has translated the liturgy of ordination, the Church sacraments, and others. He has authored many books of his own, including compositions of praise to be sung on religious holidays, many of which have been published in the book of "Turgama". http://bit.ly/2lb30JP.
The first wooden lock was discovered in Assyria at Khorsabad in security gate in the palace of Sargon II, who reigned from 722 to 705 B.C. In appearance and operation, it was very similar to this wooden cane-tumbler locks. The pegs at the bit end of the key correspond to the bars, or the tumblers, in the bolt. When inserted, the pegs lifted the tumblers so that the bolt could be retracted and the door or gate could opened.
The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) has saved an Assyrian/Syriac woman who had been missing for three years. She hails from Qaraqosh in the Nineveh Plains, Northern Iraq-the part of the country where the indigenous community was nearly wiped out following the invasion of ISIS.
Rita Habib Ayyoub was rescued from a village close to the city of Deir ez-Zur in Syria. While anxiously awaiting a reunion with her family in Iraq, she is being cared for by an Assyrian/Syriac women’s organization in northeast Syria. “When ISIS invaded Qaraqosh, my father and I were kidnapped by the terrorists. They took us to a hospital in the city of Mosul. They split the women and the men up. I haven’t heard anything about my father since.” Qaraqosh, also known as Baghdede, was emptied of it’s Assyrian/Syriac/Chaldean Christian population when ISIS invaded in the summer of 2014. Most managed to flee. Others disappeared without a trace. The fear was that all those who were missing had been killed, but some have miraculously been rescued, a majority of whom have been found in Iraq.
Rita Habib Ayyub is the first known survivor to have been found in Syria. In an interview conducted earlier today by Gozarto Bethnahrin of Syria, the Assyrian/Christian women’s organization, she shared details of the horrors she encountered at the hands of the terrorists over the last three years. “My name is Rita. The terrorists changed my name to Maria. I am 30 years old. In the hospital in Mosul, we women were subjected to the most degrading abuse. Three children from my people were with me, and I witnessed them being sold to emirs in Mosul. I was sold to Abu Mus’ab al-Iraqi. In his home, there was also a Yazidi girl from Sinjar named Shata…she was only 14 years old. He raped the both of us over and over again.” Read full article here: http://www.aina.org/news/20171130120807.htm