100 followers! | The final Spitfire variant, the Mk 24, was similar to the Mk 22 except that it had an increased fuel capacity over its predecessors, with two fuel tanks of 33 gal (150 l) each installed in the rear fuselage. There were also zero-point fittings for rocket projectiles under the wings. All had the larger "Spiteful" tail units; modifications were also made to the trim tab gearings to perfect the F Mk 24's handling. The F Mk 24 achieved a maximum speed of 454 mph (731 km/h) and could reach an altitude of 30,000 ft (9,100 m) in eight minutes, putting it on a par with the most advanced piston-engined fighters of the era.
Although designed as a fighter-interceptor aircraft, the Spitfire proved its versatility in other roles. As a fighter, the F Mk 24 armament consisted of 4 × short-barrelled Mk.5 20 mm Hispano cannon – operational experience had proved that the hitting power of these larger weapons was necessary to overcome the thicker armour encountered on enemy aircraft as the war progressed. The aircraft was also used as a fighter-bomber, carrying 1 × 500 lb (230 kg) and 2 × 250 lb (110 kg) bombs, with rocket-projectile launch rails fitted as standard. Late production aircraft were built with the lighter, short-barrelled, electrically fired Mark V Hispano cannon.
A total of 81 Mk 24s were completed, 27 of which were conversions from Mk 22s. The last Mk 24 to be built was delivered in February 1948 and were used until 1952 by 80 Squadron. Some of the squadron's aircraft went to the Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force where they were operated until 1955.
Introduced into service in 1946, the F Mk 24 differed greatly from the original Spitfire Mk I, was twice as heavy, more than twice as powerful and showed an increase in climb rate of 80 percent over that of the prototype, 'K5054'. These remarkable increases in performance arose chiefly from the introduction of the Rolls-Royce Griffon engine in place of the famous Merlin of earlier variants. Rated at 2,050 hp (1,530 kW), the 12-cylinder Vee liquid-cooled Griffon 61 engine featured a two-stage supercharger, giving the Spitfire the exceptional performance at high altitude.
Research is amazing when you find the faces of men that belong to a story. Bill Harris was Killed when a bomb hit the HQ of the 46th Field Artillery Battalion, 5th ID, in Ermsdorf on December 28th 1944. He was KIA together with two other men in the building. Now we slowly wait for their personnel records to complete the story!
Schwerer Gustav (English: Heavy Gustaf) was a German 80 cm (31.5 in.) railway gun. It was developed in the late 1930s by Krupp in Darłowo (then Rügenwalde) as siege artillery for the explicit purpose of destroying the main forts of the French Maginot Line, the strongest fortifications in existence at the time. The fully assembled gun weighed nearly 1,350 tonnes, and could fire shells weighing seven tonnes to a range of 47 kilometres (29 mi). The gun was designed in preparation for the Battle of France, but was not ready for action when the battle began, and in any case the Wehrmacht's Blitzkrieg offensive through Belgium rapidly outflanked and isolated the Maginot Line's static defenses, eventually forcing the French to surrender and making their destruction unnecessary. Gustav was later deployed in the Soviet Union during the Battle of Sevastopol, part of Operation Barbarossa, where among other things, it destroyed a munitions depot located roughly 30 meters below ground level. The gun was moved to Leningrad, and may have been intended to be used in the Warsaw Uprising like other German heavy siege pieces, but the rebellion was crushed before it could be prepared to fire. Gustav was destroyed by the Germans near the end of the war in 1945 to avoid capture by the Red Army.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber. It was designed and manufactured by Avro as a contemporary of the Handley Page Halifax, both bombers having been developed to the same specification, as well as the Short Stirling, all three aircraft being four-engined heavy bombers adopted by the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the same wartime era.
The B-32 Dominator bombers started out as Consolidated Aircraft's Model 34, designed to back up Boeing's B-29 Superfortress bombers, in case the latter failed. The design process began in Jun 1940, two years after Boeing began the B-29 project, and the first contract for two prototype aircraft was issued on 6 Sep 1940. The first prototype rolled off the assembly line six months behind schedule; this aircraft crashed on take off on 10 Mar 1943. On 17 Mar 1943, a contract was signed for 300 units despite problems with the prototype aircraft. In 1944, after testing the third prototype, the United States Army Air Forces ordered over 1,500 B-32 Dominator bombers from Consolidated. The first production aircraft was delivered on 19 Sep 1944, which crashed upon its first landing on the same day. As a result, the initial 40 aircraft delivered were used only as trainers starting on 27 Sep 1945.
ww2dbaseThe first assignment for B-32 Dominator bombers began after General George Kenney requested them for field evaluation in mid-1945. The 312th Bomb Group were given the task for the testing; the pilots were impressed with the unique reversible-pitch inboard propellers and the Davis wing, but they also found the cockpit noisy, the instrumentation layout very poor, and the rate of engine fire a bit higher than what they were comfortable with. The first combat missions they flew was on 29 May 1945 against a Japanese supply depot at Antatet in the Philippine Islands, and the second against a sugar mill at Taito, Taiwan on 15 Jun. On 22 Jun, B-32 Dominator bombers attacked an alcohol plant at Heito, southern Taiwan. The final test mission was flown on 25 Jun against bridge near Kiirun (now Keelung), Taiwan.
Upon the successful field tests by the 312th Bomb Group, B-32 Dominator bombers began to enter the USAAF. Near the end of the Pacific War, they flew combat and reconnaissance missions over the Japanese home islands. The last confirmed Allied casualty of the Pacific War (and of WW2) were injured aboard B-32 Dominator bombers.
Production of B-32 Dominator bombers ceased on 12 Oct 1945 after 118 units were built. Most of them were scrapped shortly after
The American crew of this M36 90mm Tank Destroyer (90 mm Gun Motor Carriage) are seen here rolling up a Swastika flag they had found in the German town of Bitburg. The town was captured on February 28 1945. |
More on the M36: The M36 tank destroyer, formally 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage, M36, was an American tank destroyer used during World War II. The M36 combined the hull of the M10 tank destroyer, which used the M4 Sherman's reliable chassis and drivetrain combined with sloped armor, and a massive new turret mounting the 90 mm gun M3. Conceived in 1943, the M36 first served in combat in Europe in October 1944, where it partially replaced the M10 tank destroyer. It also saw use in the Korean War, able to defeat any of the Soviet tanks used in that conflict. Some were supplied to South Korea as part of the Military Assistance Program and served for years, as did re-engined examples found in Yugoslavia, which operated into the 1990s. Two remained in service with the Republic of China Army at least until 2001.
German mortar crew training with an 8-cm Granatwerfer 34 mortar, circa 1934-1939 |
More about the Granatwerfer: The 8cm Granatwerfer (GrW) 34 (heavy grenade-launcher model 1934) was the standard German medium mortar in World War II. Built in large numbers between 1934 and 1945 its manufacturer, Rheinmetall-Borsig, produced a high-quality weapon that, following standard mortar design, earned a reputation for being extremely reliable, accurate and having a decent rate of fire. It could throw a 3.5kg bomb, which was not all that much lighter than the 5.45kg shell of the 75mm Infantry gun, out to some 2,400 metres and with a well drilled crew, experts at their craft, could put twenty-five 3.5kg bombs on to the target in a minute.
Last night I walked through Rotterdam with my friend and took a picture of the lamp post on the ground. In Rotterdam you can see these lamp posts throughout the center of the city. They mark the fire border of the bombings of the city by the Germans in 1940. In the flames you can see a civilian going up in the flames. At night the lamps turn on red.
All my grandparents lived in Rotterdam at the time. However, they lived outside the city center. They saw the city burning for days.
Photo of a Supermarine Spitfire Mk. VIII named 'Grey Nurse' at Tyabb Airshow 2018 #spitfire
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